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All About Oushak Rugs
An Overview of
With their functional and decorative usage styles that do not age for centuries, Oushak carpets continue to be used with pleasure in homes that love to keep their culture alive. Originally woven with the Turkish Gördes knot technique, Oushak rugs have been popular for centuries thanks to their robustness and durability.
The Oushak carpet, which was discovered with the carpet weaving processes that started with the quality wool of the animals of the nomadic society in ancient times, gradually begins to decorate the walls as well as the floors. Even in the paintings of painters such as Hans Holbein and Lorenzo Lotto, it is possible to see Oushak carpets as a symbol of respectability in castles, mosques and palaces. Who wouldn’t want to have a palace atmosphere in their home? Compatible with many sofa sets and furniture, the noble Oushak carpet types can reflect their quality at first sight with their colors and patterns.
Oushak carpets are Turkish rugs that use a particular design family called congress, which is one of the largest cities of Western Anatolia after the city of Uşak and was an important carpet production center in the early hours. (Although these patterns were also woven in other regions) date back to the early 20th century. Oushak carpets from Turkey is beautiful and special. Especially because the West is sophisticated and modern houses blend in Turkey’s weavers are creating carpets in a unique style. Medium medallion patterns, patterns of small metal coins, palmettes, scattered sprays of hanging paper, etc. Available. Ghiord cloth and its angular designs lend an attractive primitive look in its own way.
History of Oushak Carpet Rugs
OUSHAK CARPET RUGS FROM PAST TO PRESENT
The art of weaving in Anatolia started in the Lydian and Phrygian period in the early ages. Since the animals grown in the region at that time had high quality wool, yarn is made to evaluate the wool and pile weaving begins.
The art of weaving settled in Anatolia with the Seljuks of Turkish tribes. Weaving used to be a special dowry item traditionally woven in Turkish society. However, due to death, it started to be shared as an inheritance or given to mosques.
Oushak and its region became the creator of the early 15th century Ottoman carpets and the Ottoman period carpet weaving center. As a result of the capitulations that started in the country in the 1500’s, the ambassadors who came to the country were given the right to trade within the Ottoman borders. Thus, carpets show themselves abroad.
While distinguished families in Europe have their paintings made by famous painters, they use Oushak carpets as decorations on the wall, floor and table. The carpets in the paintings of famous painters such as Hans Holbein and Lorenzo Lotto were named after the painters. These are called Lotto and Holbein.
Oushak carpets gained great importance during the period of Suleiman the Magnificent. Weaving masters brought from Azerbaijan at that time started to weave carpets unique to Oushak with new styles. Anatolian muftis were appointed to prevent the carpets from losing their characteristics and the weaving continued under control. Patterns were designed by miniaturists and home decoration artists and were named palace rugs. Spreading from Ottoman palaces to European castles, mosques and churches, the Oushak carpet is not only a carpet but a legend that is a symbol of respectability.
To increase the old awareness of the hand-woven Oushak Carpet, our cultural heritage, which has made its mark in history as a work of art, in the world market; In the 2000s, progress was made in the field of textile in order to leave an artistic legacy to the next centuries and Oushak yarns started to be produced in factories again. Oushak carpet, which has made its mark on the history of art with its durability that defies the years, takes its solid structure that it has preserved over the years from natural wool carpet yarn. The carpets and rugs issued in this regard by providing services to various companies operating in the hand-woven carpet industry in Turkey, is hoped to follow the continuity in quality.
Uşak carpets lived their heyday in the 15th and 16th centuries. At that time, Europe’s favorite palaces were decorated with” Turkish carpets “woven in Anatolia, including Uşak carpets. Some of the carpets woven in Uşak at that time are today in Paris. The Louvre, Florence Bardini, New York Metropolitan Art, Philadelphia, London Victoria and Albert, National Gallery of Art, Budapest National Museum, Istanbul Turkish and Islamic Arts, Berlin Islamic Arts, Metropolitan National Kuwait Museum, Istanbul Foundation Museum, Konya Mevlana Museum. We went and examined the Uşak rugs exhibited in these museums, and we started to weave similar ones in accordance with the original.
Historical Uşak rugs with 25 different motifs such as “medallion”, “star”, “çintemani” and “bird” differ from other carpets with their pattern, number of loops, hanger and warp, and that they are woven with special knot methods such as double tie.
What are the Features of Oushak Carpet?
Rugs with a composition pattern with dark and deep colors, shaggy and draws attention with its softness. The butler hand-made rug, which is dominated by colors such as blue, dark red and white, is suitable for use in humid areas. The Oushak carpet, which has a different style in terms of both color and pattern features, manages to mark history in terms of its features. The antique butler carpets that were woven in hand looms by a nomadic tribe in the past to obtain warmer floors, come to life again and are offered for sale.
Antique butler hand rug used for centuries models are manufactured with 100% wool and madder and are designed for their place in modern homes. The butler machine carpet models, which attract attention with their more affordable prices, are produced with 100% polypropylene material and offered for sale. Oushak carpet models, which provide a more noble appearance while bringing a modern style to homes, are offered to those who need carpets or want to renew them with various motifs and patterns.
Oushak carpet patterns, which are generally designed in a holistic dimension and whose motifs are completed, differ not only on the basis of the shape they choose, but also on the method of application. The carpets, which continue to preserve the originality of the pattern and motif in the journey from hand-woven carpet models that are woven with a great effort to machine carpets, manage to reflect the culture they carry. Oushak carpets are on display at a number of very famous museums in London, New York, Paris and Istanbul.
OUSHAK RUG PATTERNS
It was painted in the paintings of Lorenzo Lotto, the famous Italian painter of the period, and got its name in this way. The main theme embroidered on the carpet is the combination of bird, dragon and the tree of life motifs. When used together, these motifs mean the eternity of the soul and immortality. Birds used on the tree of life symbolize life and soul. The dragon is the animal guarding the tree of life. The border is decorated with flower bouquets.
Because the dots in the motif resemble a leopard, carpets consisting of 3-point motifs in the form of a triangle are called posted carpets. Used by various cultures, this motif is used to denote various elements such as the sun, çintemani, moon and cloud. On the other hand, the motifs consisting of three octagons and dragons on the border are believed to express the dragon protecting the moon and the moon. The theme of fertility is also embroidered with the symbolic use of sun, moon and dragon motifs on the carpet.
Because the shapes that make up the main motif resemble a bird at first glance, the carpets called “bird” actually have a deceptive appearance that consists of the various colors of the ground between two leaves that meet each other. Birds on the tree of life represent life and soul. The dragon is the animal guarding the tree of life. Three motifs symbolize the continuity and immortality of the soul. Anatolian people expressed their feelings by weaving their hasbiha with the bird and sometimes their fight with the dragon. Besides, the bird means many other things. For example, sometimes love is the soul of the beloved and sometimes the deceased person. It also represents strength and might.
It was painted in the paintings of Hanz Holbein, the famous German painter of the period, and got his name in this way.
TYPE 2 HOLBEIN
The central area is decorated with motifs symbolizing life and fertility. The border consists of dragon motifs designed in the shape of a cloud, used to protect life and fertility.
In this example with the dragon designed in the shape of a spike that symbolizes fertility, the composition of the tree of life is decorated with flowers.
Oushak Rugs with Medallions were produced in the 16th century. A wide variety of rich medallion types in Oushak rugs reveal the dominance and creative power of Turkish masters. The middle of the carpet is marked with a large medallion, the corners are marked with quarter medallions, the inside of the medallions and the floor of the carpet are filled with plant decorations, human and animal figures according to miniature art. The medallion in the middle axis symbolizes infinity.
The carpets in this group, the best examples of which have been seen until the 17th century, are known as the Star Oushak and are decorated with eight-sided star motifs. Palm leaf-shaped motifs inside the stars symbolize the tree of life. In the middle of the star, a motif called Rumi is used, which is a rather traditional bird and dragon figure. The One Star Oushak rug uses a variation of the tree of life, bird, and dragon motifs. The star motif stands for productivity in Turkish carpets. It also includes meanings such as birth, peaceful life, and the renewal of the universe.
FLORAL USAK CARPET
It is an example of local Oushak Rugs. A composition was created with flowers, leaves and branches in the Floral Oushak Carpet. In this drawing, the abundance and fertility of nature is explained.
GÖBEKLİ USAK CARPET:
The patterns in the center and corner are typical examples of Oushak carpets decorated with flowers. Belted carpets, also known as Sofra bucak, consist of a middle pattern on the floor and corner patterns that match this pattern.
CLOUDY USAK CARPET
Since the symmetrical shapes on the ground are likened to the cloud, the pattern got its name from here. Repeated use of clouds tells the continuity of life.
It is another example of local Oushak Rugs. They are original carpets produced by the people living in the region using materials, colors and motifs unique to the region.
4 CORNER STAR OUSHAK CARPET:
It is known as the starry Oushak and the eight-sided star motifs are produced from this motif. The star motif stands for productivity in Turkish carpets. It also includes meanings such as birth, peaceful life, and the renewal of the universe.
LEAF USAK CARPET:
It is an example of the last period Oushak carpet. It is an original carpet model that repeats using red and dark blue.
LOCAL USAK CARPET
It is a model created by nature people by observing nature. The model has dagger-shaped leaves and colorful flowers.
The main theme of the model is a mihrab and its motifs in prayer rooms, which are loaded with the meaning of sacred space and also function as a mosque. Each of these are the most important elements that help us solve central symbolism.
How to Clean Oushak Carpet?
Oushak carpets, which are more special and sensitive than traditional carpet types, are provided with different cleaning methods. Oushak carpet cleaning, which is carefully woven with natural yarn and root dyes , can be easily done by sweeping the hairs in the right direction, unlike cleaning with known water and detergent. In case of any dirt and stain formation, Oushak carpet models, which are cleaned visibly with the help of natural soap and wet cloth, can be used for many years without sacrificing their color and quality.
If any liquid is spilled on the Oushak carpet, you can dehumidify the wet area by drying it with a paper towel. You can use your carpet for many years thanks to the correct technical cleaning methods for the right carpet type. For Oushak carpet models designed in dark colors, which are generally used in frequently used places such as living rooms or corridors, daily cleaning operations are considered sufficient.
In our view, they are priceless 🙂 However, if you insisti through a look at our inventory of Oushak Rugs, you can get a good sense of the price range for Oushak Carpet Rugs:
Here are few Oushak Rugs we have on sale with their prices displayed:
7×11 Oversize Turkish rug, Pink Blue Rug, 7×11 Turkish Rug, Soft Turkish Carpet Rug, Sofa DecorProduct on sale
soft beige and pink Turkish rug, 8.7×5.2 ft,pale oushak rug, muted oushak rug,antique rugProduct on sale
7×10 Geometric Rug, Art Deco Rug, 6’8X9’7ft, Turkish Vintage Rug, Oushak RugProduct on sale
Navy Blue Oushak rug,4’9X9’1 ft, Antique Oushak Rugs,Pastel Oushak RugProduct on sale
pale pink oushak rug,9.8×5.1ft, antique oushak rug, Turkish oushak rug,handmade rugProduct on sale
Oversize Pink Navy Blue Rug,7’9×11’6 ft, Unique Rug,Antique Turkish RugProduct on sale
Wool Carpet Rug, Turkish Oushak Rug, Oushak Rug, 10.2×5.10ftProduct on sale
7×10 Salmon Pink & Navy Blue Boho Decor Chic Nomadic Area Turkish Rug 6’6×10’2 ftProduct on sale
6×8 Royal Specific Rare Find Sofa Decor Unique Worn Soft Brown Rug, 6’2×8’7 ftProduct on sale